News https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/ja News for Microbiome Special Research Program ja #COVID19 Research at UC Davis https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/covid19-research-uc-davis <p>Great article about <a href="https://www.ucdavis.edu/coronavirus/news/uc-davis-researchers-working-coronavirus-tests-animal-model">some of the amazing COVID19 research going on at UC Davis</a>.  Everything from cell culture of the virus, to novel test development, to sociology.  There are people working like crazy behind the scenes to connect researchers and clinicians, find gaps in materials/manpower/funding, and bring everyone together.   Really inspiring to see all this.</p> <p> </p> March 20, 2020 David Coil https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/covid19-research-uc-davis UCD Citizen Science Project on the Tomato Seed Microbiome https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/ucd-citizen-science-project-tomato-seed-microbiome A tomato seedling grown in a peat pellet<p>What do you get when you combine UC Davis alumni, tomato seeds, and citizen science?   That would be <a href="https://biology.ucdavis.edu/gasp">Project GASP (“Germ”-ination Alumni Science Project)</a>.  I didn't come up with the na March 17, 2020 David Coil https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/ucd-citizen-science-project-tomato-seed-microbiome The emergence of microbiome centers https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/emergence-microbiome-centers <p>I am happy to announce the publication of a new paper from a group of people, myself included, about the "Emergence of Microbiome Centers."</p> December 19, 2019 Jonathan Eisen https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/emergence-microbiome-centers Rachel Vannette: Unlocking the Mysteries of Flower Microbes https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/rachel-vannette-unlocking-mysteries-flower-microbes Article from Cal Ag Today featuring Professor Rachel Vannette from the Department of Entomology and Nematology and her work seeking to unlock the mystery of flower microbes. December 17, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/rachel-vannette-unlocking-mysteries-flower-microbes Rectal Microbes Influence Effectiveness of HIV Vaccine https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/rectal-microbes-influence-effectiveness-hiv-vaccine Microbes living in the rectum could make a difference to the effectiveness of experimental HIV vaccines, according to researchers at the University of California, Davis. The work is published Dec. 11 in the journal mSphere.  Evidence from human and animal studies with other vaccines suggests that Lactobacillus supplements can boost production of antibodies, while treatment with antibiotics can hamper beneficial immune responses, said Smita Iyer, assistant professor at the UC Davis Center for Immunology and Infectious Diseases and School of Veterinary Medicine.  December 13, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/rectal-microbes-influence-effectiveness-hiv-vaccine Compost, cover crops increase carbon in soil https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/compost-cover-crops-increase-carbon-soil In a 19-year study at the University of California, Davis, scientists dug six feet down in a study plot to compare changes in soil carbon in conventional, cover-cropped, and compost-added plots of corn-tomato and wheat-fallow cropping systems. Their findings showed that soil health and the importance of carbon is more complex than often realized but, with the right management, the soil is a huge natural resource where carbon can be sequestered. The implications are that the right applications not only help to slow the rapid rise of carbon in the atmosphere but foster effective sustainable agriculture. November 28, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/compost-cover-crops-increase-carbon-soil UC Davis Researchers Are Highly Cited https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/uc-davis-researchers-are-highly-cited Sixteen UC Davis researchers have been named in the annual Highly Cited Researchers 2019 list released by the Web of Science Group, which compiles statistics on scientific publishing. The list identifies scientists and social scientists who have published multiple papers ranking in the top 1 percent by citations in a particular field and year, over a 10-year period.  November 19, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/uc-davis-researchers-are-highly-cited Mapping the pathway to gut health in HIV and SIV infections https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/mapping-pathway-gut-health-hiv-and-siv-infections A UC Davis study found that the damaged gut lining (known as leaky gut) in monkeys infected with chronic simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), an HIV-like virus, was rapidly repaired within five hours of receiving Lactobacillus plantarum bacteria. November 18, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/mapping-pathway-gut-health-hiv-and-siv-infections B. infantis Reduces Intestinal Inflammation in Infants https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/b-infantis-reduces-intestinal-inflammation-infants In a recent study published in Pediatric Research, researchers have demonstrated that colonizing infants with a specific strain of probiotic bacteria --B. infantis EVC001--reduces intestinal inflammation up to 55-fold compared to infants receiving breastmilk only. The researchers on the study hypothesize that the lack of B. infantis in the gut may be at the root of the recent rise in autoimmune conditions. November 05, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/b-infantis-reduces-intestinal-inflammation-infants JoVE Protocol Video: Prospecting Microbial Strains for Bioremediation and Probiotics Development for Metaorganism Research and Preservation https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/jove-protocol-video-prospecting-microbial-strains New video published by the Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) on Dr. Raquel Peixoto's protocol: Prospecting Microbial Strains for Bioremediation and Probiotics Development for Metaorganism Research and Preservation. November 01, 2019 Jose Franco https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/jove-protocol-video-prospecting-microbial-strains UC Davis ADVANCE Scholar Award Recipients: Professors Jonathan Eisen and Verónica Martínez-Cerdeño https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/advance-scholar-awards Professors Jonathan Eisen and Veronica Martínez-Cerdeño were awarded the 2019 ADVANCE Scholar Award or their work to improve gender equity in STEM through their teaching, research and service in addition to encouraging research, leadership, and outreach to underserved communities and/or mentorship of underrepresented students. October 28, 2019 Jose Franco https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/advance-scholar-awards Why Do Parents Keep Hearing About the Microbiome? Director Jonathan Eisen featured in NYT Parenting Article https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/why-do-parents-keep-hearing-about-microbiome What is the microbiome? The microbiome is a community of bacteria, fungi, viruses and other microbes that live inside your body and on its surface. Just as in a community of people, you’ll find both good and bad actors: Some of the microbes, like the gut bacteria that help you digest food, are beneficial, while others, like certain viruses, can be dangerous. Everyone’s microbiome differs, depending on your age, gender, diet and immune system. And the types of microbes on one part of the body may be different from those on another. October 17, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/why-do-parents-keep-hearing-about-microbiome UC Davis Partners with the University of Sydney for International Workshop https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/uc-davis-partners-university-sydney-international-workshop <p>The Food Security and Food Innovation Workshop was a two-day event organized by UC Davis in collaboration with the University of Sydney with the purpose of bringing together scientists from all over the world to discuss areas of potential research collaboration to address issues of global food security and create innovative food solutions. </p> October 17, 2019 Jose Franco https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/uc-davis-partners-university-sydney-international-workshop New Law Sponsored by UC Will Allow Commercialization of Discoveries in State Parks https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/new-law-sponsored-uc-will-allow-commercialization-discoveries-state-parks Authored by Bill Dodd, D-Napa, SB-442 allows the California Department of Parks and Recreation to issue commercialization permits and set commercialization fees that can be used for the protection, conservation and restoration of resources of the state park system. The University of California, Davis, became a major driver for the new legislation after Johan Leveau, a professor in the Department of Plant Pathology, discovered a promising anti-fungal microbe in soils from the Jug Handle State Natural Reserve along the Mendocino Coast but found himself unable to translate his discovery into a public benefit because existing state law did not allow the commercialization of research materials from state parks. October 10, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/new-law-sponsored-uc-will-allow-commercialization-discoveries-state-parks Microbes Make Chemicals for Scent Marking in a Cat https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/microbes-make-chemicals-scent-marking-cat Domestic cats, like many other mammals, use smelly secretions from anal sacs to mark territory and communicate with other animals. A new study from the Genome Center at the University of California, Davis, shows that many odiferous compounds from a male cat are actually made not by the cat, but by a community of bacteria living in the anal sacs. The work is published Sept. 13 in PLOS ONE.  “Cats use a lot of volatile chemicals for signaling, and they probably don’t make them all,” said David Coil, project scientist at the Genome Center and an author on the paper.  The experiment grew out of the KittyBiome Project started at the Genome Center by Holly Ganz, a postdoctoral researcher working with Coil and Jonathan Eisen, professor of evolution and ecology in the UC Davis College of Biological Sciences. September 13, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/microbes-make-chemicals-scent-marking-cat The Fight Against Citrus Greening Disease https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/fight-save-our-citrus Postdoctoral researchers, Drs. Emilyn Matsumura and Elizabeth Henry from Dr. Bryce Falk’s Lab in the Department of Plant Pathology, received funding from the USDA’s HLB Multi-Agency Coordination (MAC) program, which serves to coordinate and fund research for citrus HLB interventions. Their project will focus on developing tools to target the insect that transmits HLB. Currently, HLB has no cure, and effective intervention strategies have been difficult to find, primarily because the bacteria responsible for the disease cannot be manipulated in a laboratory, which make it difficult to better understand its biology. September 03, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/fight-save-our-citrus From Yellow-Legged Frogs to Chickpeas: Graduate Students Receive Funding for Wide Range of Microbiome Research Topics https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/graduate-research-awards-announcement The UC Davis Microbiome Special Research Program is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2019 Microbiome Graduate Research Award. A total of fifteen graduate students were selected for the award out of thirty-six applications. Each awarded proposal will receive $1,000 to help with costs related to their microbiome research.  The application process demonstrated the various areas of microbiome research at UC Davis and ranged in diverse applicant backgrounds from plant pathology, entomology/nematology and animal science to applicants from anthropology, computer science, nutrition and psychology.  August 26, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/graduate-research-awards-announcement Last year, this coral reef was teeming with life. Now it's dying - and it's up to us to save it https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/last-year-coral-reef-was-teeming-life-now-its-dying-and-its-us-save-it Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse places on the planet. Like rainforests, they are teeming with species that live symbiotically with one another. They cover less than 1% of the ocean floor yet harbour a quarter of all known marine species. As well as astonishing beauty, this biodiversity provides spawning and nursery grounds that economically important fish populations need to thrive. They protect coastal communities from storm surges. They provide millions of jobs through tourism, fishing and recreational activities - and they are also important sources of new medicines being developed to treat cancer, arthritis, bacterial infections, Alzheimer's, heart disease, viruses and other illnesses. If coral reefs go, this will all disappear. August 19, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/last-year-coral-reef-was-teeming-life-now-its-dying-and-its-us-save-it UC Davis Partners With DEA-Approved Company to Conduct Cannabis Research https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/uc-davis-partners-dea-approved-company-conduct-cannabis-research Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have partnered with a federally compliant pharmaceutical company to analyze the chemical and biological profiles of cannabis for the benefit of law enforcement, health care providers and scientific professionals.   The agreement with Biopharmaceutical Research Company, which is registered with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, is among the first of its kind. UC Davis and BRC researchers will analyze legally acquired cannabis materials in BRC’s labs to understand the chemical composition of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, cannabidiol or CBD, and other cannabinoids. There will be no cannabis on the UC Davis campus or any UC Davis-owned or leased property as part of this research. August 13, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/uc-davis-partners-dea-approved-company-conduct-cannabis-research Med Student Focusing on Gut Microbiome awarded 2019 O'Connor Research Grant https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/2019-oconnor-research-grant Simran Sandhu, a medical student at UC Davis School of Medicine, has been honored with this year’s Daniel T. O’Connor, M.D., Memorial Research Grant. Sandhu earned the award for his translational research examining how different pathologies may result in gut and skin microbiome imbalance in patients. Sandhu works on human microbiome research with Raja Sivamani, associate professor of Clinical Dermatology at UC Davis Health. August 02, 2019 Anonymous https://microbiome.ucdavis.edu/news/2019-oconnor-research-grant